Milky Way Lesson Plan - by Ruth Ferris


Focus Book: Milky Way by Joseph Bruchac (Intermediate Level)
Essential Understandings (Theme):
  • Lessons in the wisdom of the Elders.
  • Remembering the old ways.
  • To develop an awareness of the diversities and similarities in Native American Cultures.
  • Everyone and everything is related.
  • Organizational patterns of Indian oral and written literature differs from Western European stories.

Essential Questions:
  • How does this book show tribal and individual diversity?
  • What is the author’s perspective? How does the perspective influence the meaning of the story?
  • How does culture, history, and personal experience influence our understanding of others?
  • What was the purpose of this story?
  • What are some common characteristics of Indian stories?
Topical: Understandings
  • Identify and discuss cultural components
  • Make connections (text to self; text to text; text-world)
  • Develop comprehension strategies and skills


Topical Questions:
  • What is one lesson you learned from the story?
  • What types of relationships did you see?
  • Where would you fit in the story as you heard it today?
  • What character would you be?
  • What does the story suggest about appropriate or inappropriate behavior?
Goals & Standards: #1 Students seek a variety of materials for independent learning and personal enjoyment, including the appreciation of literature and other creative expressions.

Benchmarks: (1). Experience diversity of cultures through a variety of literature and other creative expressions. (4) Listen to and begin to read a variety of literature to enhance selection.
Concepts and Skills: (what we are learning about.)
· Develop comprehension strategies and skills
· Make connections
· Self question while reading and making predictions
· Develop listening skills
· Identify and discuss cultural components
· Be able to use reference materials
· Alphabetizing
· Vocabulary development
·
Learning Objective:
(What do you want students to understand and/or be able to do after today?
· Retell the story
· Be aware of the interdependence of the community and with their environment
· Know that traditional stories were told for a reason
· What lesson did the storyteller want the audience to learn
· Use strategies to improve comprehension

Assessment:
(How will you determine if students understand it and/or can do it?)
· Through observations
· Discussions.

Brief summary and description of activities:
(What will be happening in the class today? How will class look?)

Day 1
1. Give each student a list of vocabulary words and brief definitions of basic astronomical terms. Use overhead to pronounce and to read definitions.
2. Have them copy this list into their notebooks.
3. Play Vo-back-ulary with them. (Students may use their notebook as well as the dictionary)
Day 2
1. Give students a list of the vocabulary words;
2. Model alphabetizing the list. Students then alphabetize the remainder of the words.
3. Play Vo-back-ulary
Day 3
1. Give students a copy of the internet article.
2. Use a Venn diagram to compare the traditional story and the astronomy article. The pictures from the hubble telescope are very amazing and give a clear view of the Milky Way.
Day 4
1. Talk about the source of the story. Identify what I look at that helps me know if this is authentic or “fakelore”.
2. Have students write in their notebook – comments, questions, connections etc as you read the story. (I stop after each page to let them write.)
3. Exit coupons – Students choose one of the topical questions to answer
· What is one lesson you learned from the story?
· What types of relationships did you see?
· Where would you fit in the story as you heard it today?
· What character would you be?
· What does the story suggest about appropriate or inappropriate behavior?
· How are women and elders portrayed in the story?

Materials/Resources/Handouts:
(Do you need to sign up or sign out for anything? Any special materials?)
http://www.esa.int/esaKIDSen/SEM536WJD1E_OurUniverse_2.html Milky Way Info (Print this to pair with Bruchac’s Book)
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/skytellers/intro.shtml Skytellers
The story of the Milky Way: A Cherokee Tale – Joseph Bruchac
How the Morning and Evening Stars Came to be: and Other Assiniboine Indian Stories – as told to Jerome Fourstar
The Stars We Know: Crow Indian Astronomy and Lifeways – Tim McCleary
Alphabetizing Sheet
Vo-Back-Ulary Game instructions
Web Sites
Astronomy
http://www.kstrom.net/isk/stars/starclas.html#buttons Native American Astronomy
http://www.montanahistoricalsociety.org/education/footlocker/MTIndStoryR4.pdf MT Historical Society (Montana Indian Stories Footlocker)
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/skytellers/intro.shtml Skytellers (One Dean Lapke found)
http://www.space.kids.us/themilkyway.html Space Kids
http://www.esa.int/esaKIDSen/SEM536WJD1E_OurUniverse_2.html Milky Way Info (Pair with Book)
http://www.ceismc.gatech.edu/busyt/astro_l.shtml photographs
http://www.astronomy-for-kids-online.com/astronomydictionary.html Definitions
http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/entire_collection/pr2002010c/ Hubble Telescope Pictures - excellent

Lesson Plans
http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/explorations/galaxies-galore/teacher/lessonplan.html
http://www.readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=324 Pourquoi Stories
http://www.d261.k12.id.us/technology/Goals%202000/WEB/stacklst.htm Lesson Plans and stories verify accuracy

Music
http://www.readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=324 Milky Way Ballad

Resources/Background Information:
Pairing Fiction & Nonfiction: Strategies to Build Comprehension in the Content Areas – Deanne Camp
Roots and Branches – Dorothea M. Susag
The Night Sky: One Small Square – Donald Silver (520 SIL)




Evaluation/Reflection




















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